Illustration of Crab

Crab

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Australia - New South Wales, Southwest Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

3.524 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Management: Fishery is well-managed with recovery efforts are in place for populations at low abundances.


Habitat: Crab pots used to catch blue swimmer crab cause low damage to the physical and biological structures of the seafloor.

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Longlines

Location

U.S. - Maryland, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Chesapeake Bay

Overall Rating

3.782 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell Crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stocks are healthy, and overfishing is a low concern.


Bycatch: Harvest method (trotline a form of longline) incurs minimal bycatch.



Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Blue King

Paralithodes platypus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Alaska, Northeast Pacific Ocean: Bering Sea (Saint Matthew Island)

Overall Rating

3.758 / 5

Market Names

Kani, King Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock is not overfished and overfishing is not occurring.


Management: Effective management insures the sustainable harvest of this species.

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Australia - Eastern Indian Ocean: Spencer Gulf

Overall Rating

3.77 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Abundance: Population is healthy and overfishing is not occurring.


Bycatch and habitat: Fishery incurs minimal bycatch and harvest method has minimal impacts on seafloor habitat.

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

Mexico - Campeche, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

2.82 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Population size and fishing levels are uncertain because of the lack of assessments of this species.


Bycatch: Bycatch is minimal but catch of sharptooth swimming crab is of concern as it's stock status is unknown.

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Scoopnets

Location

Mexico - Campeche, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

2.82 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Population size and fishing levels are uncertain because of the lack of assessments of this species.


Bycatch: Bycatch is minimal but catch of sharptooth swimming crab is of concern as it's stock status is unknown.

Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Arched Swimming

Callinectes arcuatus

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

Mexico - Sinaloa, Eastern Central Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.98 / 5

Market Names

Swimming crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status is unknown.


Habitat: Seafloor impacts are likely low, and management efforts to understand and protect the ecosystem are being planned.

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Southern Tanner

Chionoecetes bairdi

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Alaska, Northeast Pacific Ocean: Bering Sea

Overall Rating

4.364 / 5

Market Names

Kani, Queen, Snow Spider Crab, Tanner Crab

Summary

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Arched Swimming

Callinectes arcuatus

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

Mexico - Sinaloa, Eastern Central Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.98 / 5

Market Names

Swimming crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status is unknown.


Habitat: Seafloor impacts are likely low, and management efforts to understand and protect the ecosystem are being planned.

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Australia - Eastern Indian Ocean: Peel-Harvey Estuary

Overall Rating

3.808 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Abundance: Population is healthy but further assessment is needed.


Bycatch and habitat: Fishery incurs minimal bycatch and harvest method has minimal impacts on seafloor habitat.

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Alaska, Northeast Pacific Ocean: Bering Sea

Overall Rating

4.364 / 5

Market Names

Kani, Queen, Snow, Spider crab, Tanner crab

Summary

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Red King

Paralithodes camtschaticus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Norway - Arctic Sea: Barents Sea

Overall Rating

3.414 / 5

Market Names

Kani, King Crab

Summary

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

Canada - Northwest Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of St. Lawrence (Gulf Mgmt. region)

Overall Rating

2.415 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

This recommendation used the exact scores provided in Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch Report for Atlantic Rock crab (Gulf Mgmt. region Gulf of St. Lawrence - Trap) for Criteria 1, 3, and 4. For detailed information on these sections, please refer to the original report. In addition to these scores, Ocean Wise independently reviewed and assessed Criterion 2 for the directed rock crab (Cancer irroratus) fishery in Northumberland Strait (LFAs 25 and 26A), as the bycatch component of the original report is not reflective of the directed fishery in this area. Specifically, we have determined that for LFAs 25 and 26A, there is sufficient evidence to suggest this fishery poses no more than a negligible threat to two species listed in the original

report: Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and leatherback turtle turtles (Dermochelys coriacea). This Ocean Wise recommendation is valid until the retirement of the above Seafood Watch Report, or sufficient information to improve our understanding of bycatch in this fishery becomes available.

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Australia - Eastern Indian Ocean: Gulf of St. Vincent

Overall Rating

3.151 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Abundance and management: Population is depleted, but management measures are in place to help it recover.


Habitat: Crab pots used to catch blue swimmer crab cause low damage to the physical and biological structures of the seafloor.

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Australia - Eastern Indian Ocean: Shark Bay

Overall Rating

3.492 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Abundance and management: Population is depleted, but management measures are in place to help it recover.


Habitat: Crab pots used to catch blue swimmer crab cause low damage to the physical and biological structures of the seafloor.

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Australia - Eastern Indian Ocean: Cockburn Sound

Overall Rating

3.492 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Abundance and management: Population is depleted, but management measures are in place to help it recover.


Habitat: Crab pots used to catch blue swimmer crab cause low damage to the physical and biological structures of the seafloor.

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Dungeness

Metacarcinus magister

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Alaska , Northeast Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

3.111 / 5

Market Names

Commercial Crab, Kani, Market Crab, (Pacific) Edible Crab San Francisco Crab

Summary

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Dungeness

Metacarcinus magister

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Canada - British Columbia, Northeast Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

3.111 / 5

Market Names

Commercial Crab, Kani, Market Crab, (Pacific) Edible Crab San Francisco Crab

Summary

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Australia West Coast Deep Sea Crab

Variety

Crab, Crystal

Chaceon albus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

FAO Area 57 (Indian Ocean, Eastern)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Australia West Coast Deep Sea Crab

Market Names

Crab, Crystal Crab, Deep Sea Crystal Crab, Kani, Snow Crab

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery meets conservation standards to become OWS recommended.

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - SSMO Shetland Inshore Brown Crab and Velvet Crab and Scallop

Variety

Crab, Edible Rock

Cancer pagurus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

FAO Area 27 (Atlantic, Northeast)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
SSMO Shetland Inshore Brown Crab and Velvet Crab and Scallop

Market Names

Brown crab, Edible crab, Kani, Rock crab

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery meets conservation standards to become OWS recommended.

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Peel Harvey Estuarine Fishery: Recreational and Commercial Blue Swimmer Crab and Commercial Sea Mullet

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Miscellaneous gear

Location

FAO Area 57 (Indian Ocean, Eastern)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Peel Harvey Estuarine Fishery: Recreational and Commercial Blue Swimmer Crab and Commercial Sea Mullet

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery meets conservation standards to become OWS recommended.

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Scotian Shelf Snow Crab Trap

Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

FAO Area 21 (Atlantic, Northwest)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Scotian Shelf Snow Crab Trap

Market Names

Kani, Queen, Snow, Spider crab, Tanner crab

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery meets conservation standards to become OWS recommended.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Peel Harvey Estuarine Fishery: Recreational and Commercial Blue Swimmer Crab and Commercial Sea Mullet

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Falling gear

Location

FAO Area 57 (Indian Ocean, Eastern)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Peel Harvey Estuarine Fishery: Recreational and Commercial Blue Swimmer Crab and Commercial Sea Mullet

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery meets conservation standards to become OWS recommended.

Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

FAO Area 21 (Atlantic, Northwest)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Market Names

Kani, Queen, Snow, Spider crab, Tanner crab

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery meets conservation standards to become OWS recommended.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Russia Barents Sea Red King Crab

Variety

Crab, Red King

Paralithodes camtschaticus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

FAO Area 27 (Atlantic, Northeast)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Russia Barents Sea Red King Crab

Market Names

Kani, King Crab

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery meets conservation standards to become OWS recommended.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

FAO Area 21 (Atlantic, Northwest)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Market Names

Kani, Queen, Snow, Spider crab, Tanner crab

Summary

ETP conditions surround gear interaction with right whales

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

FAO Area 21 (Atlantic, Northwest)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Market Names

Kani, Queen, Snow, Spider crab, Tanner crab

Summary

ETP conditions surround gear interaction with right whales

Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

FAO Area 21 (Atlantic, Northwest)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Market Names

Kani, Queen, Snow, Spider crab, Tanner crab

Summary

ETP conditions surround gear interaction with right whales

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Variety

Crab, Warty Swimming

Portunus haanii

Method

Wild

Bottom trawls

Location

China - Northwest Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

1.434 / 5

Market Names

Kani, Red Swimming Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Crab, Warty Swimming

Portunus haanii

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

China - Northwest Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

1.731 / 5

Market Names

Kani, Red Swimming Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Louisiana, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

1.788 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock is healthy and overfishing is not occurring.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are a species of concern.


Management: Conservation measures are in place for blue crab however regulations are lacking to protect terrapins.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Southern King

Lithodes santolla

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Argentina - Southwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

1.79 / 5

Market Names

Kani, King Crab, Nova Crab, Santolla Crab, Southern Red Crab, Southern Red King Crab

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

Canada - Quebec, Northwest Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of St. Lawrence

Overall Rating

2.415 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status is uncertain and fishing mortality rate unknown.


Bycatch: Information is lacking for the directed Atlantic rock crab fishery, but lobster fishery is known to interact with or entangle marine mammals and other species of concern.

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Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Massachusetts, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

Management : Regulations have been implemented to protect this species in state waters.


Bycatch: Information is lacking for the directed Atlantic rock crab fishery, but the lobster fishery is known to interact with or entangle marine mammals and other species of concern.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - New Jersey, Northwest Atlantic Ocean: Delaware Bay

Overall Rating

2.529 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock is healthy, and overfishing is a low concern.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are a species of concern.


Management: The commercial fishery has some effective management to prevent bycatch with all harvestors required to use terrapin bycatch reduction devices.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Maryland, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Chesapeake Bay

Overall Rating

2.529 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: The stock is healthy, and overfishing is a low concern.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are considered a species of concern.


Management: Maryland has strict measures to reduce the pot fishery's impacts on terrapins, but related policies and compliance need strengthening.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawls

Location

India - Eastern Indian Ocean

Overall Rating

/ 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Delaware , Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.529 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: The stock is healthy, and overfishing is a low concern.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are considered a species of concern.


Management: Delaware has strict measures to reduce the pot fishery's impacts on terrapins, but related policies and compliance need strengthening.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Mississippi, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

1.788 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock is healthy and overfishing is not occurring.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are a species of concern.


Management: Conservation measures are in place for blue crab however regulations are lacking to protect terrapins.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - North Carolina, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

1.678 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status is unknown, but overfishing is unlikely.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are a species of concern.


Management: Conservation measures are in place for blue crab however regulations are lacking to protect terrapins.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Connecticut , Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Maine, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - New Hampshire, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Maryland, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Beni-zuwai

Chionoecetes japonicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Russian Federation - Northwest Pacific Ocean: Bering Sea

Overall Rating

/ 5

Market Names

Kani, Red Snow Crab

Summary

Management: Assessment criterion given critical score. Russia has historically overfished king crabs. Illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing (IUU) is a critical problem. It is impossible to know when any species of crab is caught legally because supply chain information is not reliable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - New York, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Rhode Island, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Virginia, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - New Jersey, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Market Names

Eel Grass crab, Kani, Peekytoe crab, Quick crab, Rock crab, Sand crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Florida, Western Central Atlantic Ocean (excluding U.S. Gulf of Mexico)

Overall Rating

1.678 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Low, but overfishing is unlikely.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are ca species of concern.


Management: While the conservation measures for the target species are moderately effective, there are minimal regulations to protect terrapins.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Beni-zuwai

Chionoecetes japonicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Russian Federation - Northwest Pacific Ocean: Sea of Japan

Overall Rating

/ 5

Market Names

Kani, Red Snow Crab

Summary

Management: Assessment criterion given critical score. Russia has historically overfished king crabs. Illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing (IUU) is a critical problem. It is impossible to know when any species of crab is caught legally because supply chain information is not reliable.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Beni-zuwai

Chionoecetes japonicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Russian Federation - Northwest Pacific Ocean: Sea of Okhotsk

Overall Rating

/ 5

Market Names

Kani, Red Snow Crab

Summary

Management: Assessment criterion given critical score. Russia has historically overfished king crabs. Illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing (IUU) is a critical problem. It is impossible to know when any species of crab is caught legally because supply chain information is not reliable.

Learn more about harvest methods

  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Georgia, Western Central Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

1.678 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status is unknown, but overfishing is unlikely.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are a species of concern.


Management: Conservation measures are in place for blue crab however regulations are lacking to protect terrapins.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Texas, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

1.788 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock is healthy and overfishing is not occurring.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are a species of concern.


Management: Conservation measures are in place for blue crab however regulations are lacking to protect terrapins.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue King

Paralithodes platypus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Russian Federation - Northwest Pacific Ocean: Bering Sea

Overall Rating

/ 5

Market Names

Kani, King Crab

Summary

Management: Assessment criterion given critical score. Russia has historically overfished king crabs. Illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing (IUU) is a critical problem. It is impossible to know when any species of crab is caught legally because supply chain information is not reliable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Florida, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

1.788 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Low, but overfishing is unlikely.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are ca species of concern.


Management: While the conservation measures for the target species are moderately effective, there are minimal regulations to protect terrapins.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Gillnets and entangling nets

Location

India - Eastern Indian Ocean

Overall Rating

/ 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawls

Location

Australia - Eastern Indian Ocean: Shark Bay

Overall Rating

2.065 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Abundance and management: Population is depleted, however management measures are in place to help it recover.


Bycatch: Fishery incurs high amounts of bycatch including turtles and other at-risk species.

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Variety

Crab, Blue King

Paralithodes platypus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Russian Federation - Northwest Pacific Ocean: Sea of Japan

Overall Rating

/ 5

Market Names

Kani, King Crab

Summary

Management: Assessment criterion given critical score. Russia has historically overfished king crabs. Illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing (IUU) is a critical problem. It is impossible to know when any species of crab is caught legally because supply chain information is not reliable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue King

Paralithodes platypus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Russian Federation - Northwest Pacific Ocean: Sea of Okhotsk

Overall Rating

/ 5

Market Names

Kani, King Crab

Summary

Management: Assessment criterion given critical score. Russia has historically overfished king crabs. Illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing (IUU) is a critical problem. It is impossible to know when any species of crab is caught legally because supply chain information is not reliable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - South Carolina, Western Central Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

1.678 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock status is unknown, but overfishing is unlikely.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are a species of concern.


Management: Conservation measures are in place for blue crab however regulations are lacking to protect terrapins.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Virginia, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Chesapeake Bay

Overall Rating

1.788 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock is healthy and overfishing is not occurring.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are a species of concern.


Management: Conservation measures are in place for blue crab however regulations are lacking to protect terrapins.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Gillnets and entangling nets

Location

India - Western Indian Ocean

Overall Rating

/ 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Thailand - Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea

Overall Rating

1.435 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Gillnets and entangling nets

Location

Thailand - Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea

Overall Rating

1.25 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Viet Nam - Western Central Pacific Ocean: Gulf of Thailand

Overall Rating

1.509 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Philippines - Western Central Pacific Ocean: Visayan Sea

Overall Rating

1.71 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Gillnets and entangling nets

Location

Philippines - Palawan, Western Central Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

1.491 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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Variety

Crab, Jonah

Cancer borealis

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Virginia, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Market Names

Atlantic Dungeness Crab, Kani

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Jonah

Cancer borealis

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Rhode Island, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Market Names

Atlantic Dungeness Crab, Kani

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Thailand - Western Central Pacific Ocean: Gulf of Thailand

Overall Rating

1.509 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Gulf Stone

Menippe adina

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Florida, Western Central Atlantic Ocean (excluding U.S. Gulf of Mexico)

Overall Rating

1.595 / 5

Market Names

Kani, Stone Crab

Summary

Stock status: Overfishing likely occurring – crabs are returned to water alive after having claws removed and are unlikely to survive.


Management: No measures currently in place to prevent overfishing.


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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Gulf Stone

Menippe adina

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Florida, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

1.595 / 5

Market Names

Kani, Stone Crab

Summary

Stock status: Overfishing likely occurring – crabs are returned to water alive after having claws removed and are unlikely to survive.


Management: No measures currently in place to prevent overfishing.


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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Florida Stone

Menippe mercenaria

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Florida, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

1.595 / 5

Market Names

Kani, Stone Crab

Summary

Stock status: Overfishing likely occurring – crabs are returned to water alive after having claws removed and are unlikely to survive.


Management: No measures currently in place to prevent overfishing.


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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Florida Stone

Menippe mercenaria

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Florida, Western Central Atlantic Ocean (excluding U.S. Gulf of Mexico)

Overall Rating

1.595 / 5

Market Names

Kani, Stone Crab

Summary

Stock status: Overfishing likely occurring – crabs are returned to water alive after having claws removed and are unlikely to survive.


Management: No measures currently in place to prevent overfishing.


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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Philippines - Palawan, Western Central Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

1.71 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Australia - Queensland, Western Central Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.793 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

Abundance: Population's status is uncertain due to limited assessment information.


Bycatch: Incidental catch of green turtles is a serious concern. This species is listed as "Vulnerable" under Australia’s Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act and management measures are needed to reduce bycatch of vulnerable species.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Jonah

Cancer borealis

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Maryland, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Market Names

Atlantic Dungeness Crab, Kani

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Gillnets and entangling nets

Location

Sri Lanka - Eastern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Mannar

Overall Rating

2.208 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawls

Location

India - Western Indian Ocean

Overall Rating

/ 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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Variety

Crab, Blue

Callinectes sapidus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Alabama, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

2.354 / 5

Market Names

Blue-Claw, Hardshell crab, Kani, Softshell Crab

Summary

Abundance: Stock is healthy, and overfishing is a low concern.


Bycatch: There are serious concerns about the catch of diamondback terrapins, which are a species of concern.


Management: Management has some regulations (e.g.closed areas to crab fishing), which help to reduce impacts on terrapins.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Gillnets and entangling nets

Location

Indonesia - Sulawesi, Western Central Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

1.462 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Indonesia - Jawa, Eastern Indian Ocean

Overall Rating

1.678 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Gillnets and entangling nets

Location

Indonesia - Jawa, Eastern Indian Ocean

Overall Rating

1.462 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Gillnets and entangling nets

Location

Sri Lanka - Eastern Indian Ocean: Palk Bay

Overall Rating

2.337 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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Variety

Crab, Jonah

Cancer borealis

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - New York, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Market Names

Atlantic Dungeness Crab, Kani

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Jonah

Cancer borealis

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Connecticut , Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Market Names

Atlantic Dungeness Crab, Kani

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Jonah

Cancer borealis

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - New Jersey, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Market Names

Atlantic Dungeness Crab, Kani

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Dungeness

Metacarcinus magister

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Oregon , Northeast Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.46 / 5

Market Names

Commercial Crab, Kani, Market Crab, (Pacific) Edible Crab San Francisco Crab

Summary

Stock status: Dungeness crab have low inherent vulnerability due to early age at reproductive maturity, high fecundity, and short life span, compared to fish and shellfish stocks worldwide. There is however some conservation concern because although landings data indicate that targeted stocks are not overfished, stock abundance is uncertain.


Bycatch:  Fishery known to entangle humpback whales, new management in place to address concern but effectiveness not yet known.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Jonah

Cancer borealis

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Massachusetts, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Market Names

Atlantic Dungeness Crab, Kani

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Jonah

Cancer borealis

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Maine, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Market Names

Atlantic Dungeness Crab, Kani

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Jonah

Cancer borealis

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - New Hampshire, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Market Names

Atlantic Dungeness Crab, Kani

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Dungeness

Metacarcinus magister

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Washington , Northeast Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.289 / 5

Market Names

Commercial Crab, Kani, Market Crab, (Pacific) Edible Crab San Francisco Crab

Summary

Stock status: Dungeness crab have low inherent vulnerability due to early age at reproductive maturity, high fecundity, and short life span, compared to fish and shellfish stocks worldwide. There is however some conservation concern because although landings data indicate that targeted stocks are not overfished, stock abundance is uncertain.


Bycatch:  Fishery known to entangle humpback whales, new management in place to address concern but effectiveness not yet known.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Indonesia - Sumatera, Eastern Indian Ocean

Overall Rating

1.678 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Dungeness

Metacarcinus magister

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - California, Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.289 / 5

Market Names

Commercial Crab, Kani, Market Crab, (Pacific) Edible Crab San Francisco Crab

Summary

Stock status: Dungeness crab have low inherent vulnerability due to early age at reproductive maturity, high fecundity, and short life span, compared to fish and shellfish stocks worldwide. There is however some conservation concern because although landings data indicate that targeted stocks are not overfished, stock abundance is uncertain.


Bycatch:  Fishery known to entangle humpback whales, new management in place to address concern but effectiveness not yet known.








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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

Indonesia - Sulawesi, Western Central Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

1.678 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Blue Swimming

Portunus pelagicus

Method

Wild

Gillnets and entangling nets

Location

Indonesia - Sumatera, Eastern Indian Ocean

Overall Rating

1.462 / 5

Market Names

Blue Manna Crab, Flower Crab, Horse Crab, Kani, Sand Crab, Swimming Crab

Summary

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Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

FAO Area 21 (Atlantic, Northwest)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Gulf of St Lawrence snow crab trap

Market Names

Kani, Queen, Snow, Spider crab, Tanner crab

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery is currently suspended in the MSC assessment process due risk of mortality by the fishery on endangered North Atlantic right whales.

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Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

FAO Area 27 (Atlantic, Northeast)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Russia Barents Sea Opilio Trap

Market Names

Kani, Queen, Snow, Spider crab, Tanner crab

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery does not meet conservation standards to become OWS recommended as it has an open condition regarding endangered, threatened, and protected (ETP) species.

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