Illustration of Crab

Crab

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Seafood Variety

Harvest Method

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

Canada - Northwest Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of St. Lawrence (Gulf Mgmt. region)

Overall Rating

2.415 / 5

Summary

This recommendation used the exact scores provided in Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch Report for Atlantic Rock crab (Gulf Mgmt. region Gulf of St. Lawrence - Trap) for Criteria 1, 3, and 4. For detailed information on these sections, please refer to the original report. In addition to these scores, Ocean Wise independently reviewed and assessed Criterion 2 for the directed rock crab (Cancer irroratus) fishery in Northumberland Strait (LFAs 25 and 26A), as the bycatch component of the original report is not reflective of the directed fishery in this area. Specifically, we have determined that for LFAs 25 and 26A, there is sufficient evidence to suggest this fishery poses no more than a negligible threat to two species listed in the original

report: Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and leatherback turtle turtles (Dermochelys coriacea). This Ocean Wise recommendation is valid until the retirement of the above Seafood Watch Report, or sufficient information to improve our understanding of bycatch in this fishery becomes available.

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Arched Swimming

Callinectes arcuatus

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

Mexico - Sinaloa, Eastern Central Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.98 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status is unknown.


Habitat: Seafloor impacts are likely low, and management efforts to understand and protect the ecosystem are being planned.

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Crab, Arched Swimming

Callinectes arcuatus

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

Mexico - Sinaloa, Eastern Central Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.98 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status is unknown.


Habitat: Seafloor impacts are likely low, and management efforts to understand and protect the ecosystem are being planned.

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - SSMO Shetland Inshore Brown Crab and Velvet Crab and Scallop

Variety

Crab, Edible Rock

Cancer pagurus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

FAO Area 27 (Atlantic, Northeast)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
SSMO Shetland Inshore Brown Crab and Velvet Crab and Scallop

Summary

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  • Pots
Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

FAO Area 21 (Atlantic, Northwest)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Summary

ETP conditions surround gear interaction with right whales

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

FAO Area 21 (Atlantic, Northwest)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Summary

ETP conditions surround gear interaction with right whales

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

FAO Area 21 (Atlantic, Northwest)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab

Summary

ETP conditions surround gear interaction with right whales

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Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Massachusetts, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.624 / 5

Summary

Management : Regulations have been implemented to protect this species in state waters.


Bycatch: Information is lacking for the directed Atlantic rock crab fishery, but the lobster fishery is known to interact with or entangle marine mammals and other species of concern.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

Canada - Quebec, Northwest Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of St. Lawrence

Overall Rating

2.415 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status is uncertain and fishing mortality rate unknown.


Bycatch: Information is lacking for the directed Atlantic rock crab fishery, but lobster fishery is known to interact with or entangle marine mammals and other species of concern.

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Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Maryland, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Maine, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - New Hampshire, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Connecticut , Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Rhode Island, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - New York, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - New Jersey, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Atlantic Rock

Cancer irroratus

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Virginia, Northwest Atlantic Ocean

Overall Rating

2.288 / 5

Summary

Abundance: Stock status unknown.


Management: There is little to no regulatory management in place to ensure fisheries are sustainable.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Gulf Stone

Menippe adina

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Florida, Western Central Atlantic Ocean (excluding U.S. Gulf of Mexico)

Overall Rating

1.595 / 5

Summary

Stock status: Overfishing likely occurring – crabs are returned to water alive after having claws removed and are unlikely to survive.


Management: No measures currently in place to prevent overfishing.


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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Gulf Stone

Menippe adina

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Florida, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

1.595 / 5

Summary

Stock status: Overfishing likely occurring – crabs are returned to water alive after having claws removed and are unlikely to survive.


Management: No measures currently in place to prevent overfishing.


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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Florida Stone

Menippe mercenaria

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Florida, Western Central Atlantic Ocean (excluding U.S. Gulf of Mexico)

Overall Rating

1.595 / 5

Summary

Stock status: Overfishing likely occurring – crabs are returned to water alive after having claws removed and are unlikely to survive.


Management: No measures currently in place to prevent overfishing.


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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Florida Stone

Menippe mercenaria

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Florida, Western Central Atlantic Ocean: Gulf of Mexico

Overall Rating

1.595 / 5

Summary

Stock status: Overfishing likely occurring – crabs are returned to water alive after having claws removed and are unlikely to survive.


Management: No measures currently in place to prevent overfishing.


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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Dungeness

Metacarcinus magister

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - California, Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.289 / 5

Summary

Stock status: Dungeness crab have low inherent vulnerability due to early age at reproductive maturity, high fecundity, and short life span, compared to fish and shellfish stocks worldwide. There is however some conservation concern because although landings data indicate that targeted stocks are not overfished, stock abundance is uncertain.


Bycatch:  Fishery known to entangle humpback whales, new management in place to address concern but effectiveness not yet known.








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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Dungeness

Metacarcinus magister

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Washington , Northeast Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.289 / 5

Summary

Stock status: Dungeness crab have low inherent vulnerability due to early age at reproductive maturity, high fecundity, and short life span, compared to fish and shellfish stocks worldwide. There is however some conservation concern because although landings data indicate that targeted stocks are not overfished, stock abundance is uncertain.


Bycatch:  Fishery known to entangle humpback whales, new management in place to address concern but effectiveness not yet known.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Dungeness

Metacarcinus magister

Method

Wild

Pots

Location

U.S. - Oregon , Northeast Pacific Ocean

Overall Rating

2.46 / 5

Summary

Stock status: Dungeness crab have low inherent vulnerability due to early age at reproductive maturity, high fecundity, and short life span, compared to fish and shellfish stocks worldwide. There is however some conservation concern because although landings data indicate that targeted stocks are not overfished, stock abundance is uncertain.


Bycatch:  Fishery known to entangle humpback whales, new management in place to address concern but effectiveness not yet known.

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  • Pots

Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

FAO Area 21 (Atlantic, Northwest)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Gulf of St Lawrence snow crab trap

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery is currently suspended in the MSC assessment process due risk of mortality by the fishery on endangered North Atlantic right whales.

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Variety

Crab, Snow

Chionoecetes opilio

Method

Wild

Pots and/or traps and/or trap nets

Location

FAO Area 27 (Atlantic, Northeast)

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Russia Barents Sea Opilio Trap

Summary

Rationale: Ocean Wise recommends some, but not all Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries. Click to learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise. This fishery does not meet conservation standards to become OWS recommended as it has an open condition regarding endangered, threatened, and protected (ETP) species.

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