Illustration of Haddock

Haddock

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Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Variety

Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom longline, Handline

Location

US - Georges Bank

Overall Rating

2.7 - 3.0 / 5

Summary

Haddock have been targeted for 400 years and have a history of being overexploited due to advances in industrial fishing. After the fishery collapsed, management measures controlling bycatch and limiting quotas were introduced. Landings since 2003 have increased compared to the historic lows in the 1990’s.

Haddock are managed by the NEFMC as part of the groundfish fishery. Fishery data as well as fishery independent data in the form of stock assessments are regularly collected. Scientific advice is generally followed when establishing regulations and quotas, although this is not always the case. Stock status is healthy in the Georges Bank, having fully recovered from a previously overfished state.

Bottom longlines cause the bycatch of skates which are a species of concern. Handlines cause little bycatch, most of which is undersized cod. Bottom gillnets cause low amounts of damage, and handlines cause minimal amounts of habitat damage. New management measures are aiming to better protect the habitat through ecosystem-based management, and these are targeted to take place in 5 years.

Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Russian Federation Barents sea cod and haddock

Variety

Atlantic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl

Location

Norwegian EEZ and Svalbard FPZ

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Russian Federation Barents sea cod and haddock

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Faroe Island North East Arctic haddock

Variety

Arctic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl

Location

ICES areas I and II within Norwegian and Russian EEZ and International waters

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Faroe Island North East Arctic haddock

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - ISF Iceland haddock

Variety

Icelandic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl, Danish seine, Gillnet, Handline, Longline, Midwater trawl

Location

Icelandic EEZ

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
ISF Iceland haddock

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Greenland cod, haddock and saithe trawl

Variety

North East Arctic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl

Location

ICES Areas I and II: within Norwegian and Russian EEZ and International waters

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Greenland cod, haddock and saithe trawl

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - US Acadian redfish, haddock and pollock Otter Trawl

Variety

Atlantic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl

Location

US FAO Fishing Area 21 in Division 21.4X and Division 21.5t

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
US Acadian redfish, haddock and pollock Otter Trawl

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Canada Scotia-Fundy haddock

Variety

Atlantic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom longline, Bottom trawl, Gillnet, Handline

Location

Scotian shelf 4X5Y and 5Zjm

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Canada Scotia-Fundy haddock

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Ocean Wise Recommended

Ocean Wise

Eco-Certification:

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) - Barents Sea cod and Barents sea haddock

Variety

Atlantic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl

Location

Barents Sea - ICES Areas I and II. Within Norwegian and Russian EEZ and International Waters

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Barents Sea cod and Barents sea haddock

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl

Location

US - Georges Bank

Overall Rating

2.7 / 5

Summary

Haddock have been targeted for 400 years and have a history of being overexploited due to advances in industrial fishing. After the fishery collapsed, management measures controlling bycatch and limiting quotas were introduced. Landings since 2003 have increased compared to the historic lows in the 1990’s.

Haddock are managed by the NEFMC as part of the groundfish fishery. Fishery data as well as fishery independent data in the form of stock assessments are regularly collected. Scientific advice is generally followed when establishing regulations and quotas, although this is not always the case. Although abundance is healthy in the Gulf of Maine, they are currently overfished. Haddock from Georges Bank are neither overfished nor is overfishing occurring.

Impact on other species differs according to the gear used. Bottom trawls are a nonspecific gear type, which catches a variety of bycatch. Of most concern is the overfished yellowtail flounder. Although more selective than bottom trawls, bottom longlines cause the bycatch of skates which are a species of concern. Bottom trawls have the potential to cause a moderate amount of habitat damage, whereas bottom longlines and bottom gillnets cause low amounts of damage. Permanent area closures protect the most sensitive habitats from bottom trawls, although this level of protection is minimal. New management measures are aiming to better protect the habitat through ecosystem-based management, and these are targeted to take place in 5 years.

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl

Location

Canada

Overall Rating

N/A / 5

Summary

Atlantic Haddock is a commercially important groundfish in the US and Canada. Harvested in a variety of ways, only those caught by hook-and-line and bottom longline are considered sustainable.

Haddock is a member of the cod family. They reach maturity at 2-3 yrs but females have increased egg-production with age. Early maturation and high reproductive output makes this species resilient to fishing pressure; however, stocks in Atlantic Canada have all been previously overfished. Stocks are currently re-building and some stocks show definite signs of recovery, albeit at a lower abundance.

Management of Haddock includes regular stock assessments and regulatory measures that aim to maintain stock productivity. Management plans have attempted to mitigate habitat damage by closing large areas of ecologically sensitive habitat to trawling. Despite these measures stock abundance is still below historic levels in the US and habitat damage is still a serious concern in all bottom trawl fisheries.

Bottom trawls are indiscriminate, which results in considerable bycatch of unmarketable, illegal and undersized target species as well as non-target species. Bottom trawling causes significant damage to the sea bed, modifying habitats (such as spawning grounds and nursery habitat) that are essential to many groundfish species.

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom longline, Bottom trawl

Location

US - Gulf of Maine

Overall Rating

2.5 - 2.6 / 5

Summary

Haddock have been targeted for 400 years and have a history of being overexploited due to advances in industrial fishing. After the fishery collapsed, management measures controlling bycatch and limiting quotas were introduced. Landings since 2003 have increased compared to the historic lows in the 1990’s.

Haddock are managed by the NEFMC as part of the groundfish fishery. Fishery data as well as fishery independent data in the form of stock assessments are regularly collected. Scientific advice is generally followed when establishing regulations and quotas, although this is not always the case. Although abundance is healthy in the Gulf of Maine, they are currently overfished. Haddock from Georges Bank are neither overfished nor is overfishing occurring.

Impact on other species differs according to the gear used. Bottom trawls are a nonspecific gear type, which catches a variety of bycatch. Of most concern is the overfished yellowtail flounder. Although more selective than bottom trawls, bottom longlines cause the bycatch of skates which are a species of concern. Bottom trawls have the potential to cause a moderate amount of habitat damage, whereas bottom longlines and bottom gillnets cause low amounts of damage. Permanent area closures protect the most sensitive habitats from bottom trawls, although this level of protection is minimal. New management measures are aiming to better protect the habitat through ecosystem-based management, and these are targeted to take place in 5 years.

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Handline

Location

US - Gulf of Maine

Overall Rating

2.8 / 5

Summary

Haddock have been targeted for 400 years and have a history of being overexploited due to advances in industrial fishing. After the fishery collapsed, management measures controlling bycatch and limiting quotas were introduced. Landings since 2003 have increased compared to the historic lows in the 1990’s.

Haddock are managed by the NEFMC as part of the groundfish fishery. Fishery data as well as fishery independent data in the form of stock assessments are regularly collected. Scientific advice is generally followed when establishing regulations and quotas, although this is not always the case. Although abundance is healthy in the Gulf of Maine, they are currently overfished.

Handlines, although usually selective, cause the bycatch of undersized Atlantic cod. About 8% of species caught by handline are bycatch. Since the population of Atlantic cod in the Gulf of Maine is in an overfished state, and is currently experiencing too much fishing pressure, fishing mortality as bycatch is a concern. Handlines cause minimal amounts of damage to the ecosystem. New management measures are aiming to better protect the habitat through ecosystem-based management, and these are targeted to take place in 5 years.

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Atlantic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl

Location

North East Arctic - ICES Sub Areas I and II

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Comapêche and Euronor cod and haddock

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Atlantic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl

Location

North East Arctic - ICES Sub Areas I and II

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
UK Fisheries/DFFU/Doggerbank Northeast Arctic cod, haddock and saithe

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Atlantic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom longline, Bottom trawl, Danish seine, Gillnet

Location

North Sea & Skagerrak

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
DFPO Denmark North Sea & Skagerrak haddock

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Atlantic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl, Danish seine

Location

North Sea, ICES Sub Area IVa,b

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Scottish Fisheries Sustainable Accreditation Group (SFSAG) North Sea haddock

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Arctic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom longline, Bottom trawl, Danish seine, Gillnet, Handline

Location

ICES Sub-areas I and II

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Norway North East Arctic haddock

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods

Variety

Atlantic haddock

Melangrammus aeglefinus

Method

Wild

Bottom trawl

Location

Barents and Norwegian Seas

Eco-Certification

Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
Arkhangelsk Trawl Fleet Barents Sea cod & haddock

Summary

Ocean Wise recommends some Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fisheries, but not all. Learn more about how the MSC certification was bench-marked to Ocean Wise.

Learn more about harvest methods